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Definitions

  • Anawim
  • Apatheia (wikipedia) external_link (Greek: ἀπάθεια; from a- "without" and pathos "suffering" or "passion") in Stoic philosophy refers to a state of mind where one is not disturbed by the passions. The term passed into early Christian teaching, whereby apatheia meant freedom from unruly urges or compulsions. It is still used in this sense in Orthodox monasticismSee also: Quies - means to an end - obedience/Fiat
  • Avant-gardist: ideas that are markedly experimental.
  • Translations of Bonitas
    • goodness : bonitas, rectum, benignitas, probitas, virtus
    • honesty : probitas, sinceritas, integritas, frugalitas, fides, bonitas
    • justice : iustitia, ius, justitia, bonitas, rectum, aequitas
    • tenderness : mollitia, mollities, lenitas, mollitudo, lenitudo, bonitas
    • rightness : justitia, bonitas, iustitia, jus, justum, ius
    • excellence : excellentia, praestantia, virtus, nobilitas, bonitas, pulchritudo
    • good quality : bonitas, virtus
  • Cenobium / Coenobium: Cenobitic (or coenobitic) monasticism is a monastic tradition that stresses community life. Often in the West, the community belongs to a religious order and the life of the cenobitic monk is regulated by a religious rule, a collection of precepts. The older style of monasticism, to live as a hermit, is called eremitic; and a third form of monasticism, found primarily in the East, is the skete.The English words "cenobite" and "cenobitic" are derived, via Latin, from the Greek words koinos (κοινός), "common", and bios (βίος), "life". The adjective can also be cenobiac (κοινοβιακός, koinobiakos). A group of monks living in community is often referred to as a "cenobium". (wikipedia) external_link
  • Desert Fathers external_link (wikipedia)
  • Discernment (discerning) external_link (wikipedia)
  • Discretion (discretely): all things must be done with discretion, which is acting solely in God's Will, who is Agape (wikipedia) external_link love. Discretely not doing or saying what is unnecessary, but discretely always doing or saying inspiredly, founded in the Magisterium, what is necessary for the edification of the Kingdom of God.
    • "...those who possess the virtue of discretion ...when they have rendered what is due to Me and to themselves, they proceed to render to their neighbor their principal debt of love, and of humble and continuous prayer, which all should pay to each other, and further, the debt of doctrine, and example of a holy and honorable life, counseling and helping others according to their needs for salvation." The dialogue of the seraphic virgin Catherine of Siena A treatise of discretion RTFToC17  external_link
  • Ecumenism
  • Gnosticism (new Advent) external_link Gnosticism (wikipedia) external_link
  • Hesychasm (wikipedia) external_link (Greek: ἡσυχασμός, hesychasmos, from ἡσυχία, hesychia, "stillness, rest, quiet, silence") is an eremitic tradition of prayer in the Eastern Orthodox Church and Eastern Catholic Churches of Byzantine Rite practised (Gk: ἡσυχάζω, hesychazo: "to keep stillness") by the Hesychast (Gr. Ἡσυχαστής, hesychastes).
  • Integrism (wikipedia) external_link
  • Knowledge: "Information is not knowledge. The only source of knowledge is experience." Albert Einstein. - One can discuss a task, but discussion will only give an intellectual understanding of it. We must experience the task first hand to "know" it; not spend ourselves avoiding experience, fleeing into speculative information; so we must go out there, and do it, apply the 5 steps, and gain priceless knowledge of Quies.  In Latin, 'to know' is cognoscere; the etymology of the word is 'cum nascere', which means 'to be born with'. So, information would transmit communicable intellectual speculative theory; and practice transforms us, making us One through experience with otherwise humanly theoretically incommunicable knowledge: 'cum nascere', which means 'to be born with'. The Quies 5 steps communicable information, based on the 11 guidelines, are a blueprint of a proposed "praxis", or path of rules to gain knowledge into specifically Saint Bruno's own ecclesial charism, of Christocentric contemplative desert fathers experience that he, and his spiritual sons and daughters, identify as the coveted goal of Quies.
    • "God speaks to philosophers in the language of philosophers and to simple souls in the language of simple ones, and only to these last does He reveal truths hidden from the wise and prudent of this world Sister Speranza about the writings of Sister Faustina in DIARY of Saint Maria Faustina Kowalska Divine Mercy in My Soul page 5 pdf
  • Koinonia:  is a transliterated form of the Greek word, κοινωνία, which means communion, joint participation; the share which one has in anything, participation, a gift jointly contributed, a collection, a contribution, etc. It identifies the idealized state of fellowship and unity that should exist within the Christian church, the Body of Christ. (wikipedia) external_link
  • Lectio Divina
    • Among the many fruits of this biblical springtime I would like to mention the spread of the ancient practice of lectio divina or "spiritual reading" of Sacred Scripture. It consists in pouring over a biblical text for some time, reading it and rereading it, as it were, "ruminating" on it as the Fathers say and squeezing from it, so to speak, all its "juice", so that it may nourish meditation and contemplation and, like water, succeed in irrigating life itself. Pope Benedict XVI Nov 2005 external_link
    • Note what Saint Jerome said in this regard: "Ignorance of the Scriptures is ignorance of Christ" (PL 24,17; cf Dei Verbum, 25). A time-honoured way to study and savour the word of God is lectio divina which constitutes a real and veritable spiritual journey marked out in stages. After the lectio, which consists of reading and rereading a passage from Sacred Scripture and taking in the main elements, we proceed to meditatio. This is a moment of interior reflection in which the soul turns to God and tries to understand what his word is saying to us today. Then comes oratio in which we linger to talk with God directly. Finally we come to contemplatio. This helps us to keep our hearts attentive to the presence of Christ whose word is "a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts" (2 Pet 1:19). Reading, study and meditation of the Word should then flow into a life of consistent fidelity to Christ and his teachings. Pope Benedict XVI April 2006 external_link
  • Lavra / Laura: In Orthodox Christianity and certain other Eastern Christian communities, Lavra or Laura (Greek: Λαύρα; Cyrillic: Ла́вра) is type of monastery consisting of a cluster of cells or caves for hermits, with a church and sometimes a refectory at the center; the term in Greek initially meant a narrow lane or an alley in a city. (wikipedia) external_link See also: Skete
  • The Magisterium (wikipedia) external_link is the teaching authority of the Church. (Links)
  • Metanoia pdf It is not a question here of a common anthropological conversion, but of supernatural life itself.
  • Modernism (wikipedia) external_link
    • A theory about the origin and nature of Christianity, first developed into a system by George Tyrrell (1861-1909), Lucien Laberthonnière (1860-1932), and Alfred Loisy (1857-1940). According to Modernism, religion is essentially a matter of experience, personal and collective. There is no objective revelation from God to the human race, on which Christianity is finally based, nor any reasonable grounds for credibility in the Christian faith, based on miracles or the testimony of history. Faith, therefore, is uniquely from within. In fact it is part of human nature, "a kind of motion of the heart," hidden and unconscious. It is, in Modernist terms, a natural instinct belonging to the emotions, a "feeling for the divine" that cannot be expressed in words or doctrinal propositions, an attitude of spirit that all people have naturally but that some are more aware of having. Modernism was condemned by Pope St. Pius X in two formal documents, Lamentabili external_link and Pascendi, external_link both published in 1907. (Etym. Latin modernus, belonging to the present fashion.) reference external_link
    • Modernism pdf
  • Modesty: A modest person does not draw attention to their own real or supposed accomplishments and desirable attributes. Terms related to "modesty" (wikipedia) external_link in this sense include "humility" (wikipedia) external_link and "simplicity" (wikipedia) external_link.
  • Polemic (controversy): Unlike debate, which may seek a common ground between the two disputants, a polemic (wikipedia) external_link is intended only to establish the truth of a point of view while refuting the opposing point of view.
  • Prayer of the heart
  • Quies
  • Quietism (wikipedia) external_link
    • General name for any view of spiritual life that minimizes human activity and moral responsibility. But more properly it refers to the theories of Miguel de Molinos (c. 1640-97) and François Fénelon (1651-1715), Archbishop of Cambrai. Its basic position is that, to become perfect, one must be totally passive, annihilate one's will and so totally abandon oneself to God that one cares for neither heaven nor hell. In prayer, the perfect soul make no acts of love or petition, nor even of adoration. Such total passivity makes mortification or the sacraments useless. Sin becomes impossible to perfect souls. Quietism was condemned in the person of Molinos by Pope Innocent XI in 1687, and Fénelon by Innocent XII in 1691. (Etym. Latin quietus, quiet, at rest, peaceful.)  reference external_link
    • In Catholic teaching the soul indeed, assisted by Divine grace can reach a high degree of contemplation, of detachment from created things and of spiritual union with God. But such perfection, far from leading to Quietistic passivity and Subjectivism, implies rather a more earnest endeavour to labour for God's glory, a more thorough obedience to lawful authority and above all a more complete subjugation of sensuous impulse and tendency. reference external_link 
    • Remedy to quietism is thus Confession Adrienne Von Speyr Confession external_link Hans Urs von Balthasar calls this "one of her most central works". She discusses the moral and practical aspects of the sacrament in great depth. Some of the many areas covered include conversion, scruples, contrition, spiritual direction, laxity, frequency of confession, the confessions of religious and lay people, even the confessions of saints. One of the most complete spiritual treatises ever written on confession.
  • Relativism (wikipedia) external_link
  • Reparation (repaired): Making amends for sinful action that has scandalized others. A person is obliged to make reparation as far as he or she can. In some cases it would be impossible to make direct reparation to the people scandalized because they are too numerous or are unknown. Nevertheless the responsibility remains. Making reparation by good example, implicitly and explicitly renouncing the objects of scandal, amending our ways in view of unequivocally, publicly and privately, practically even, undoing the harm we cause(d) others by scandal; with the help of God, through the supernatural help of sacraments (Confession and The Eucharist), prayer and spiritual direction, in a continuous spirit of conversion or "metanoia"; is a prominent feature of the Christian meaning of penance, in expiation for sin, and in our filial and sponsal participation in the Redemption of all mankind.  
    • Every offense committed against justice and truth entails the "duty of reparation", even if its author has been forgiven. When it is impossible publicly to make reparation for a wrong, it must be made secretly. If someone who has suffered harm cannot be directly compensated, he must be given moral satisfaction in the name of charity. This duty of reparation also concerns offenses against another's reputation. This reparation, moral and sometimes material, must be evaluated in terms of the extent of the damage inflicted. It obliges in conscience. Catechism of the Catholic Church 2487 external_link
    • Miserentissimus Redemptor external_link
  • Short prayers
    • We are exhorted to have constant recourse during work to short and, as it were, ejaculatory prayers. It sometimes happens also that the very weight of our work acts as a sort of anchor to the ebb and flow of our thought, thus enabling our heart to remain fixed on God without mental fatigue. Carthusian Statutes 1.5.3 external_link
    • Interior recollection during work will lead a brother to contemplation. To attain this recollection it is always permissible while working to have recourse to short and so to speak, ejaculatory prayers, and even sometimes to interrupt the work for a brief prayer (2.15.10). The Wound of Love external_link
    • In addition, at a practical and ordinary level, but realistically and effectively, the monastic tradition teaches the use of short prayers, ejaculations, whose repetition does not require a lot of intellectual effort, but is enough, during the tasks of the day, to nourish the flame of our love and to keep our heart turned towards God. The Way of Silent Love By a Carthusian external_link
    • "During the day when you read, work, walk to church, etc., a spark of love for the Lord will en-kindle at times in your heart. It is good to cultivate the spontaneous uplifting of the heart by brief prayers, which,without need for discursive thought, can awaken a deep attitude of the heart and nourish it." - A Carthusian "First Initiation into Carthusian Life" p. 39 external_link
    • “We should make our occupations a continual prayer, by our purity of intention and by the practice of ejaculatory prayers. We should profit by all that happens to raise to God our hearts…” A Month with Mary, A Carthusian, Burns and Oates, 1964 
  • Silence and contemplation: ...silence and contemplation have a purpose: they serve, in the distractions of daily life, to preserve permanent union with God. This is their purpose: that union with God may always be present in our souls and may transform our entire being.  Silence and contemplation, characteristic of St Bruno, help us find this profound, continuous union with God in the distractions of every day. - Eucharistic Concelebration with the members of the International Theological Commission. Homily of his Holiness Benedict XVI, Redemptoris Mater Chapel, Apostolic Palace, Friday, 6 October 2006. external_linkPastoral visit to Lamezia Terme and Serra San Bruno. Liturgy of Vespers, Homily of his Holiness Benedict XVI. Church of the Charterhouse of Serra San Bruno, Sunday, 9 October 2011. external_link
  • Skete:  (from Coptic external_link ϣⲓ(ϩ)ⲏⲧ via Gk. σκήτη) , is a monastic community in Eastern Christianity that allows relative isolation for monks, but also allows for communal services and the safety of shared resources and protection. It is one of three early monastic orders along with eremitic and coenobitic that became popular during the early formation of the Christian Church. Skete communities usually consist of a number of small cells or caves that act as the living quarters with a centralized church or chapel. These communities are thought of as a bridge between strict hermetic lifestyle and communal lifestyles since it was a blend of the two. These communities were a direct response to the ascetic lifestyle that early Christians aspired to live. Skete communities were often a bridge to a stricter form of hermitage or to martyrdom. The term Skete is most likely a reference to the Scetis valley region of Egypt where Skete communities first appear, but a few scholars have argued that it instead is a stylized spelling of the word ascetic. (wikipedia) external_link See also: Lavra / Laura
  • Sobriety: seriousness, gravity, austerity, discretion, frugality, measure, moderation, balance, restraint, hardiness, simplicity, temperance.
  • Solitude and community: We are called to be "contemplative", also while engaging others in life's natural communial activities. Beginning in our childhood and family, we naturally work and relate with people, during all our lives; but we experience also  a call to solitude, continuous prayer, thanksgiving and silence conducive to a better contemplative attention to God. We have, maybe, something to ponder in regard to solitude, contemplation and action; as we read more about the saints, over the years, we will be amazed to discover that every soul that has been sent into the solitude of the desert has also been recalled from it, at least for a time. St. John the Baptist is called out to preach the coming of the Messiah. St. Anthony of the Desert returns to the city to help St. Athanasius fight the heresy of Arius. St. Benedict is called out of his cave at Subiaco. St. Bruno is ordered to Rome to assist the pope. Saint Philip Neri, Saint Francis of Assisi. The list goes on and on. None of these great saints spent their entire lives in solitude. Our Lord Jesus had a hidden and then public life. Does this say something fundamental about the mysterious nature of eremitical experience..?  Perhaps time in solitude is sometimes meant to benefit Christ's flock's, in an unfolding that requires encounters with others; then perhaps it is the others who benefit from the hermit, or maybe the hermit from the others -- or both.  It's all rather mysterious to us.  We suspect it is why, even in a Charterhouse, community life, and in a Quies skete, while not seemingly emphasised, engaging others in balanced community encounters is very important. Thus for disciples of Saint Bruno living in the open world, solitude is balanced with community life, our duty of state frequently and regularly calls us engaging others in life's natural communial activities. Flee distraction; search only God pdf
  •  Sophism (wikipedia) external_link A sophism is a statement to deceive someone in a debate or conversation. It might be made to seem to make sense when really being wrong, or it might use difficult words and complicated sentences to intimidate the audience into agreeing. An argument ad hominem (wikipedia) external_link is an example of sophistry, but ad hominems are not wrong every time; for example, when people think that someone can't be trusted, things that they have said previously can be doubted. A sophist is a person who uses sophisms. Sophistry means using sophisms for subtly deceptive reasoning or argumentation. See also Sophistry
  • Syncretism
  • tabula_pompei.pngtabulaTabula: tabula f (genitive tabulae); first declension
    • tablet, sometimes a tablet covered with wax for writing | board or plank | (by extension) map, painting, document or other item put onto a tablet. 
    • The term tabula rasa is Latin for what the ancient Romans did with a tablet filled with wax. The tabula or tablet contained wax for note taking. Using a stylist, they could write on the wax. It was their version of our paper or an iPad. When they no longer needed the data instead of deleting it as we do today, they would heat the wax or scrape it flat resulting in a tablet that was erased or deleted. 
    • "Quid ad missam, lectiones aut tractus dicturi sunt, in tabula cerea primitus recitentur." - from the Ordinary of the Priour of St. Lo at Rouen, printed at Rouen, written about the year 1250, page 261. Source external_link - "(To know) what mass, lessons or extract (you) will say; first, read the wax board (tabula)".
    • tabula_gc.pngThe Carthusian's tabula, installed just outside the church access, has as function to indicate the various liturgical tasks that need to be accomplished; testimony to the lifestyle of the Carthusians, punctuated by prayer, who live in solitude and silence. "La tabula, est le témoignage même du mode de vie des chartreux rythmé par la prière, qui vivent dans la solitude et le silence. L’objet a pour fonction de signaler l’accomplissement des diverses tâches liturgiques." Tabula restaurée Chartreuse Villefranche Frpdf
    • tabulate: verb (third-person singular simple present tabulates, present participle tabulating, simple past and past participle tabulated)
      • Arrange in tabular form; arrange into a table.
      • To list.
  • Veniam: A humble prostration (bending low to touch the floor, kissing the floor; or kneeling in choir, holding and kissing the railing that holds the liturgical books in the choir stall; or kneeling in cell, holding and kissing the railing that holds the liturgical books in the oratory) made for several reason, such as devotion.  Some forms of veniam are also made by individuals who, make a fault, interrupt community prayer, etc. In the Carthusian books, the liturgical instruction for this often begins "Hic accipimus veniam". Source external_link

In progressionem

Ed Source http://www.quies.org/ed/quies_definitions.html

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